Accelerated atherosclerosis is an established complication of systemic autoimmune diseases, particularly SLE. Young female patients with SLE are more likely to develop myocardial infarction than matched healthy controls, and CVD is nowadays one of the most common causes of death (27%) in lupus patients. While traditional CV risk factors cannot explain such increased CV morbidity associated with SLE, common disease factors shared between SLE, atherosclerosis and treatment exposure may be of outmost importance in this process. 3 findings of particular interest were found that could link SLE pathogenesis and atherosclerosis-associated immune dysregulation:
1/ specific immunometabolites (circulating nucleotide-derived metabolites) which are increased in the circualtion of SLE patients 2/ OX40L as an important costimulatory molecule implicated in follicular helper T cell (Tfh) activation in SLE 3/ Immune complexes-activated platelets sustain aberrant immune response in SLE and block immunosuppressive functions of regulatory T cells (Tregs).
Exploring these interconnected pathways in SLE patients together with traditional and other well-established disease-related factors, might lead to a better stratification of CV risk in SLE.
The general objective of this study is to investigate the accuracy, predictive value and utility of immunological disease-related biomarkers in stratifying CV risk in patients with SLE.
MS1: Ethical approval of the protocol (D1a) and signing off the dissemination plan (D1b)
MS2: End of patients’ recruitment (D2: Final recruitment report)
MS3: End of central biobanking of the included patients (D3: Final biobanking report)
MS4: Cross sectional lab and statistical analyses (D4: Intermediate statistical report)
MS5: End of patients’ recruitment (D5: Final follow-up report)
MS6: Longitudinal lab and statistical analyses (D6: Final statistical report)
Patients had already participated in the grant preparation phase, helping the research team to identify and prioritize key research topics and objectives. Then, they helped us in the study protocol elaboration especially to provide complementary views on ethical considerations that are inherent to certain aspects of the research plan.
We would like to include them in the data analysis to improve the ability of the research team to design a more focused analysis and to contextualize conclusions.